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Introduction To Social Security Benefits
The Social Security Administration can provide benefits in three different categories, they include; when you retire, if you become disabled and finally when you die. Information on Social Security benefits is available on the Social Security Administration website. The age to receive full retirement benefits has been 65 for many years, but for people born after 1938 it gradually increases until it reaches age 67 for people born after 1959. person can begin to receive retirement benefits as early as age 62, however, if a person decides to receive benefits from age 62, their benefits are reduced by a fraction of a percent for each month before retirement. full retirement age. To find out how much an individual would lose if they retired at age 62, you can visit the Social Security website. An individual has the choice of retiring between age 62 and full retirement age. An individual is eligible for Social Security benefits by earning Social Security credits when employed and paying Social Security taxes.
Credits are based on the amount of a person’s earnings and their work history determines their eligibility for retirement, disability and survivor benefits when a person dies. For 2007, an individual receives one credit for every $1,000 of earnings, up to a maximum of four credits per year. Each year, the amount of earnings required to receive credits increases slightly as the average level of earnings increases. Earned credits remain on the individual’s Social Security record even if they change jobs or are without income for a period of time. There are special rules that apply to social security coverage for certain types of work.
If an individual is self-employed, they earn the same amount of credits as employees, but special rules apply if they have a net income of less than $400. For the military, they obtain credits in the same way as civilians, but it is possible to obtain additional credits under certain conditions. There are also special rules that apply to people who have jobs that include; domestic work, agricultural work, or people who work for the church or church-controlled organizations who do not pay social security contributions.
There are also types of work that do not count for Social Security. Most federal employees were hired before 1984, because since January 1, 1983, all federal employees have paid the Medicare hospital insurance portion of the Social Security tax. Others who are affected by this are railway workers who have more than 10 years of service. Employees of some state and local governments opted out of Social Security are also not eligible and finally children under 21 who perform household chores for a parent. A person can also choose to delay retirement benefits. If this is the case, their benefits will be increased by a certain percentage depending on the year of their birth and the increase will be added automatically from the moment they reach the age of full retirement until when they decide to retire or until they reach age 70, whichever comes first. One last thing to consider about retirement benefits is whether a person is working and receiving benefits. An individual’s earnings during or after the month they reach full retirement age will not reduce their Social Security benefits, but their benefits will be reduced if their earnings exceed certain limits for the months before retirement age. full pension.
If a person works and starts receiving benefits before full retirement age, $1 of benefits will be deducted for every $2 of earnings over the annual limit. In 2007, the limit is $12,960. In the year the individual reaches full retirement age, their benefits will be reduced by $1 for every $3 they earn on a different annual limit, for 2007, their $34,440, until months in which he reaches full retirement age. Once the individual reaches full retirement age, they can continue to work and their social security benefits will not be reduced, regardless of their income.
Another useful benefit that the Social Security Administration offers is disability benefits. The Social Security Administration pays disability benefits in two different ways, one through the Social Security Disability Insurance program, the second through the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program. . To find information regarding the SSI program for people with disabilities, please click on the link provided. Social Security pays benefits to people who cannot work because they have a medical condition that is expected to last at least a year or result in death. Federal law requires such a strict definition of disability, while some other programs provide benefits to those with partial or short-term disability, Social Security does not. A person must meet certain income requirements to qualify for benefits. People must meet two different income criteria to qualify for disability benefits. The first test is a “recent work” test which is based on the age of the individual when they became disabled and the second test is a “time worked” test to show that they have worked long enough under social security. A person should apply for disability benefits as soon as they become disabled, as the processing of the disability benefit application can take a long time. It usually takes about 3-5 months. Once the application is submitted, the Social Security Administration will review their application and ensure that they meet certain basic requirements for benefits, such as whether they have worked long enough to qualify and they will assess all activities current professionals. If these requirements are met, then they will send your application to the Disability Determination Services office in their state. This agency makes the decision for the SSA, they use their doctors and disability specialists to ask their doctor about their condition, all the facts of their case will be considered. They will also use evidence from any hospital, doctor’s office, clinic or institution that the person has been treated in order to obtain all other information.
Finally, another option offered by the Social Security Administration is survivor benefits. People generally think of Social Security as paying only retirement benefits, but some of the Social Security taxes that individuals pay are used to provide survivors’ insurance for workers and their families. The value of survivors’ insurance that the individual has under social security is likely greater than the value of their individual life insurance. When an individual works and pays social security contributions, they earn credits for their social security benefits. The number of years and individual work needs depend on the individual’s age at the time of death. The younger a person is, the fewer years they need to have worked, but no one needs to work more than 10 years to qualify for social security benefits. Under a special rule, if a person has only worked one and a half years in the three years preceding death, benefits can be paid to people and their spouses who look after the children. Those who are eligible for survivor benefits include; the individual’s widow or widower at age 65 if born before January 1, 1940 or at age 67. Reduced widowhood benefits can be obtained from the age of 60. The individual’s widow or widower can receive benefits at any age if they are caring for their child who is entitled to a child’s benefit and who is 16 years of age or younger or who is disabled. A person’s unmarried children who are under the age of 18 or 19 if attending primary or secondary school full-time. Their children can receive benefits at any age if they were disabled before the age of 22 and remain so. In certain circumstances, benefits could also be paid to stepchildren, grandchildren or adopted children. Dependent parents can also receive benefits if they are 62 or older. If a person was divorced, their ex-spouse is eligible if they are 60 or older and their marriage lasted more than 10 years. If a person’s ex-spouse does not meet the age or length of marriage requirements, but is caring for their child under 16, they may still qualify.
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